The error "cannot construct instance of `org.springframework.web.multipart.MultipartFile`" typically occurs when you're trying to instantiate an object of type `MultipartFile`, which is an interface in Spring Framework for handling file uploads, but it cannot be directly instantiated because it's an interface.

To resolve this error, you need to use a concrete implementation of the `MultipartFile` interface, such as `CommonsMultipartFile` or `StandardMultipartFile`.

Here's how you can fix it:

  • If you're using Apache Commons FileUpload, you can use the `CommonsMultipartFile` class:
    CommonsMultipartFile file = (CommonsMultipartFile) yourMultipartFileObject;
  • If you're using the Servlet 3.0+ `multipart/form-data` support, you can use the `StandardMultipartFile` class:
    StandardMultipartFile file = (StandardMultipartFile) yourMultipartFileObject;

Instead of using @RequestBody, utilize @MultipartForm from org.jboss.resteasy.annotations.providers.multipart.MultipartForm.

Using the following method:

    public String postResponseController(@RequestParam("multipartFile") MultipartFile multipartFile) throws IOException {
      // Do something